The cooling system water pump is a very important unit of your car. This pump is what pushes the coolant cooling fluid throughout the entire system. The pumps on most cars are belt driven. If the pump is not functioning properly, you will discover that your vehicle overheats and this can cause major issues for your vehicle.
The Components of a Water Pump
The main component of the water pump include the body, the flange, bearings, impeller, seals, and the gasket which seals it into the engine block. As the RPM of the vehicle increases, the flow rate of coolant through the water pump equally increases.
The water pump, installed at the front of the engine, works whenever the engine is running. When the water pump is turning, the coolant flows and preserves the engine at a proper temperature. The body is composed of iron or cast aluminum. The device has a seal that keeps any coolant from leaking. Depending on the car, different belts are responsible for the water pump. It may be a fan belt, a serpentine belt, or the timing belt.
An impeller on the water pump draws the coolant from the radiator hose and sends it through the engine. The fluid moves from the radiator through the water pump and into the engine. From the engine, the coolant then goes to the cylinder head and back into the radiator. The process repeats as long as the engine is running, and this is what keeps the engine cool so that your car does not overheat. The thermostat regulates the quantity of coolant that flows through the system.
Identifying Problems with the Water Pump
It is vital that all of the components of the cooling system are working normally. If you have a problem, such as a leak, in the radiator, the coolant may not enter the engine at adequate quantities. You need to be sure that the hoses are all intact and that they do not have any leaks as well. Ensure that the thermostat is functioning as well. If it is broken or faulty, you will not have enough coolant passing through the engine.
When the cooling system water pump is not working correctly, you will often observe a rattling sound or a squeaking sound coming from the area. You might equally notice that your vehicle or truck is not keeping cool. If you have a water pump that is not functioning correctly, you will want to have it changed right away. Failure to take care of a issue will cause greater engine troubles down the road.
How Long Should a Water Pump Last?
So many of the cooling system water pumps on the market today will last for 60,000 to 100,000 miles. If you have an issue with your water pump, you may be able to take care of the fix on your own, as long as you have the right tools and knowledge. If you do not have the right equipment to make the fix, you will be able to get a professional in your locality that will be able to handle the work for you.