The job of the parking brake shoes is to prevent the car from rolling when you use the parking or emergency brake. Parking brake shoes are fixed on cars that have rear rotors (also known as rear disc brakes). Most cars made after 1999 have rotors at the rear wheels. In the older cars that have drums at the rear wheels, the brake shoes inside the rear drums act as the parking brake shoes.
Facts to Note:
Parking brake shoes is only on vehicles with rear rotors.
The thickness of the brake shoe will let the mechanic know if it needs changing.
Sometimes a parking brake shoe will have debris or contamination; if this is cleaned off, the shoe may not need changing.
How to Fix:
Inspect parking brake shoes by removing the rear rotors.
If the thickness is less than 30% of the original, install new shoes.
Clean and adjust if necessary.
Confirm operation of the hand brake.
Parking brake shoes are the most overlooked part of the brake system. A mechanic should check the parking brake shoes while performing a brake service. If the shoes are in good condition, the mechanic should clean and adjust the shoes. If you notice a change in the way parking brake lever feels (easier or harder to pull), or if the car rolls after putting the parking brakes, you should immediately get it inspected and changed.
Common symptoms indicating you may need to change the Emergency / Parking Brake Shoe:
Parking brake does not hold the car.
Parking brake does not work.
Parking brake does not release.
Importance of this service:
When you engage the parking brake, the parking brake shoes hold the car in place by clamping against the rear brake rotors. These shoes guarantee that the wheels cannot turn, and your car cannot roll. As the parking brake shoes wear out, they become thinner, and cannot apply as much pressure to the rotors, making them much less effective and putting your car at risk of moving out of its parked position.