The automobile camshaft is the cylinder that is aligned with the car engine’s cylinders. The asymmetrical lobes of the camshaft rhymes with the engine’s valves. As the camshaft spins, it makes for the opening and closing of the engine’s valves.
The cars camshaft is attached to the engine’s crankshaft via the timing belt. Both timing belt and the camshaft function together to have the valves open in coordination with the stroking of the pistons. Timing belts require regular inspection and adjustment. The camshaft stops spinning the moment anything goes south with the timing belt. This can lead to the piston striking a closed valve thus damaging the engine.
Camshafts are configuired with variable speeds that shift as the speed of the engine varies. Some modern cars are equipped with dual overhead camshafts, this makes it that one camshaft functions with the exhaust valve while the second is assigned to the intake valves. Usually, V-6 and V-8 engines are equipped with dual overhead camshafts and the smaller inline 4- or 6-cylinder engines come in a single overhead camshaft. Having dual camshafts means that you have more valves in the engine and an increased passage of intake and exhaust gases. The increase in flow correspondingly increases the car’s engine’s power.
This implies that if anything goes wrong with the component of the camshaft the effect would be devastating on the engine