Automobile pollutants impact immediate and long-term effects on the environment. Vehicle exhausts emit a wide range of gases and solid matter, Thus causing global warming, acid rain, and harming the environment and indeed the human health.Car problems that cause engine noise and fuel spills equally cause pollution. Cars, trucks and other forms of transportation are the single greatest contributor to air pollution in the United States, but car owners can lower their vehicle’s effects on the environment.
Vehicle pollution is one of the major causes of global warming. Vehicles and trucks emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which adds one-fifth of the United States’ total global warming pollution. Greenhouse gases thus trap heat in the atmosphere, which makes worldwide temperatures to rise. Without greenhouse gases, the Earth would otherwise be covered in ice, but burning excessive amounts of fossil fuels, such as gasoline and diesel, has made an increase of 0.6 degrees Celsius, or 1 degree F, in global temperatures since pre-industrial times, and this will continue to rise over the approaching decades. Warmer global temperatures impact farming, wildlife, sea levels and natural landscapes.
Air, Soil and Water
The effects of automobile pollution are widespread, impacting air, soil and water quality. Nitrous oxide adds to the depletion of the ozone layer, that shields the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide mix with rainwater to produce acid rain, which damages crops, forests and other vegetation and buildings. Oil and fuel spills from vehicles and trucks seep into the soil near highways, and discarded fuel and particulates from car emissions contaminate lakes, rivers and wetlands.
The human Health
Particulate matter, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and other vehicle pollutants harm human health. Diesel engines emit high levels of particulate matter, that is airborne particles of soot and metal. These produces skin and eye irritation and allergies, and very fine particles lodge deep in lungs, where they cause respiratory issues. Hydrocarbons react with nitrogen dioxide and sunlight and form ozone, which is beneficial in the upper atmosphere but harmful at ground level. Ozone inflames lungs, causing chest pains and coughing and making it hard to breathe. Carbon monoxide, another exhaust gas, is particularly dangerous to infants and people suffering from heart disease since it interferes with the blood’s ability to transport oxygen. Other vehicle pollutants that harm human health include sulfur dioxide, benzene and formaldehyde. Noise from automobiles is also harmful, damaging hearing and causing psychological ill-health.
Reducing Car Pollution
There are many ways that vehicle and truck owners can lower the effects of car pollutants on the environment. Old and poorly maintained cars cause most pollution from cars, but electric, hybrid and other clean, fuel-efficient cars have a reduced impact. When buying a new car, inspect the fuel economy and environment label. High ratings mean low pollution levels. Maximize fuel economy by removing all unwanted items, such as roof racks, and driving steadily, rather than driving quickly and braking hard. Keep your car well-maintained, with regular engine tune-ups and tire checks, and leave the vehicle at home whenever you can. Walk, bike or make use of public transportation whenever possible.